Baidoa, Somalia – Hundreds of Ethiopian troops moved into a second Somali town on Saturday to protect the country’s weak, United Nations-backed government, as talks aimed at easing tensions fell apart when the government did not turn up and Islamist militia delegates walked out.
About 200 Ethiopian troops with at least five pickup trucks mounted with machine guns and other vehicles moved into Wajid – a UN aid base – about 75km south-east of the Somali-Ethiopian border, at about 3am (00h00 GMT), several witnesses said on condition of anonymity because they feared reprisals. The soldiers took control of the town’s airport from a militia serving the local administration, they said.
Ethiopian and Somali government officials have denied Ethiopian troops are in the country.
“There is not a single Ethiopian solider on Somali soil. I deny that the Ethiopians have taken control of Wajid. Our troops control there,” Deputy Information Minister Salad Ali Jeeley said in Baidoa, where the fragile transitional government is based.
But residents and UN staff all said there were Ethiopian soldiers in Wajid. They also reported that two military helicopters landed there on Saturday. No armed group in Somalia possesses a helicopter.
Arab League talks in Sudan, scheduled to resume Saturday, were aimed at easing the situation in Somalia, where the Islamist militia captured the capital, Mogadishu, from secular warlords and then consolidated their control over most of southern Somalia.
Both sides signed a temporary cease-fire agreement June 22, and the Islamists formally recognized the government, something they had previously said they would not do.
The talks fell apart Saturday when the Islamists walked out because of the Ethiopian incursion, and the government side said it would not attend until it received international guarantees that any agreement would be respected.
“The reason why we are walking out of the conference is that the Somali government has violated the accord and allowed Ethiopian troops to enter Somali soil,” said Abdirahman Janaqaw, the deputy leader of the Islamic courts’ executive council.
Ethiopian troops first moved into Somalia on Thursday to protect the government, which has been challenged for power by Islamic militants. A force of more than 400 Ethiopian troops entered Baidoa, 240km north-west of Mogadishu.
The militia deployed some of its fighters to within striking distance of Baidoa on Wednesday. But they pulled back as the Ethiopian troops moved in.
On Saturday, the Islamic militia’s leader said that his group will consult with other representatives of Somalis to determine a response to the Ethiopian presence.
“The presence of Ethiopian troops in Somalia is naked aggression. We know that Ethiopia wants to divide to Somalia and does not want to reconcile Somali people,” Sheik Hassan Dahir Aweys told The Associated Press. “Members of Islamic Courts and representative of Somali people will decide the appropriate steps to take towards the presence of Ethiopian troops in Somalia.”
Residents of Baidoa reported seeing hundreds of Ethiopian troops, in uniform and in marked armored vehicles, entering Baidoa on Thursday and taking up positions around Yusuf’s compound.
Somali government leaders may be reluctant to acknowledge that Ethiopian troops have come to their aid because they do not want to appear to be beholden to the country’s traditional adversary. Anti-Ethiopian sentiment still runs high in much of this almost entirely Muslim country.
Ethiopia’s move could give the internationally recognized Somali government its only chance of curbing the Islamic militia’s increasing power. But the incursion could also be the pretext the militiamen need to build public support for a guerrilla war.
The United States on Thursday urged Ethiopia to exercise restraint and said the European Union, the United States, the African Union, the Arab League and others in an international contact group on Somalia will meet soon to consider the volatile situation.
Somalia has been without an effective central government since warlords toppled dictator Mohamed Siad Barre in 1991 and then turned on each other, carving much of the country into armed camps ruled by violence and clan law. – Sapa-AP